FGM is concentrated in 28 countries in a band that spans from West Africa to the Horn of Africa.
The prevalence of FGM varies widely across Africa - from as high as 98% (Somalia) and as low as 1% (Uganda). More importantly, FGM prevalence varies significantly within each country. FGM is a cultural practice particular to specific ethnic groups. These ethnic communities often spread across country borders. For example Somali communities practice FGM in Somalia as well as in Kenya (especially the North East), while the Maasai community practice FGM in both Kenya and Tanzania.