Côte d’Ivoire


FGM PREVALENCE: 36.7%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15–49 is 36.7%.

79.4% of women aged 15–49 believe that FGM should be stopped.

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Geography

The north and west have the highest prevalence; the centre and centre-east the lowest

Age

The most recent data (2016) suggests girls are equally at risk of being cut at all ages; further data is needed to confirm

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

Almost all FGM is carried out by traditional cutters

Development Indicators


Population

25,297,212 (as at 27 January 2020), with a 2.26% growth rate (2020 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

67 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

645 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

43.1% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The highest prevalence of FGM in Côte d’Ivoire is in the north-west (75.2% of women aged 15–49) and north (73.7%).  The lowest prevalence is in the centre (18.1%) and centre-east (23.7%).  Women aged 15–49 who live in rural areas are more likely to undergo FGM (43.8%) than women who live in urban areas (30.8%).  Prevalence in the capital of Ville d’Abidjan is 24.6%.

FGM is practised in Côte d’Ivoire by people of all religions and ethnic groups, although to different extents.  The ethnic group with the highest prevalence among women aged 15–49 is the Mandé du nord, at 60.7%, followed by the Gur, at 59.1%.  The group with the lowest prevalence is the Akan, at 2.7%, followed by the Krou, at 14.1%.  However, these figures should be interpreted with caution due to the relatively small numbers of women surveyed.

Prevalence among Muslim women aged 15–49 is 61.5%, among animists and those ‘without religion’ is 48.5%, and among Christians is 11.8%.

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

The MICS 2006 recorded the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15–49 as 36.4%.  In 2011/12, the DHS estimated prevalence to be 38.2%.

The most recent MICS survey (2016) gives an FGM prevalence of 36.7% among women aged 15–49.  The data suggests, therefore, that the overall prevalence of FGM in Côte d’Ivoire has not changed significantly during recent years.

Breaking down the most recent data by age group, however, shows that the prevalence for women aged 45–49 is 41.5%, while for the youngest age group this has fallen to 27.4%.  The data demonstrates a trend towards lower prevalences among younger women.

FGM Legislation in Côte d’Ivoire


Law no. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 on the punishment of certain forms of violence against women prohibits the practice of FGM in Côte d’Ivoire.  Evidence suggests that FGM cases brought under this law are very rare.

See Côte d’Ivoire: The Law and FGM for more detail.

For the French translation, see Côte d'Ivoire: La Loi et Les MGF.

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Côte d’Ivoire