Côte d’Ivoire


FGM PREVALENCE: 38.2%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 38.2%.

81.5% of women and 82.1% of men aged 15-49 believe FGM should be stopped.

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Geography

The north and west have the highest prevalence; the centre and centre-east the lowest

Age

FGM is most likely to take place before the age of 5

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

Almost all FGM is carried out by traditional cutters

Development Indicators


Population

23,758,485 (as at 12 June 2017), with a 1.88% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

67 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

645 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

43.1% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The north-west (79.5% of women aged 15-49) and north (73.7%) of Côte d’Ivoire have the highest prevalence of FGM, and the centre (12.2%) and centre-east (15.5%) have the lowest prevalence.  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are slightly more likely to undergo FGM (38.8%) than women who live in urban areas (37.7%).  Prevalence in the capital of Ville d’Abidjan is 36.1%.

FGM is practised in Côte d’Ivoire by people of all religions and ethnic groups.  The ethnic group with the highest prevalence among women aged 15-49 is the Mandé du nord, at 66.8%, followed by the Voltaïque/Gur, at 64.1%.  The group with the lowest prevalence is the Akan, at 2.4% (although the small survey sample makes this figure somewhat unreliable), followed the Krou, at 19%.  Prevalence among Muslim women aged 15-49 is 64.1%, among animists and those ‘without religion’ is 41.9%, and among Catholics is 17.9%.

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

The 2006 MICS survey recorded the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 at 36%.  In 2011-12, the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 as reported by the DHS was 38.2%.  However, due to the different survey methods used, this does not necessarily indicate that the prevalence of FGM has risen.  Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 46.9%, while for the youngest age group this has fallen to 31.3%.  Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, this data demonstrates a trend towards lower prevalences among younger women.

FGM Legislation in Côte d’Ivoire


The Government of Côte d’Ivoire passed legislation in 1998 that specifically prohibits FGM (Law 98/757, 23.12.1998).

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Côte d’Ivoire