Guinea


FGM PREVALENCE: 96.9%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 96.9%, and support for FGM is rising.

Medicalised FGM is on the rise: medical professionals cut about 15% of women aged 15-49, but about 30% of girls aged 0-14.

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Geography

The administrative regions with the highest and lowest prevalence are Labé (100%) and N’Zérékoré (87.1%)

Age

More than 70% of women aged 15-49 who have undergone FGM were cut between the ages of 5 and 14

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

About 80% of women were cut by traditional cutters, but medicalised FGM is rising rapidly

Development Indicators


Population

13,283,612 (as at 23 June 2017), with a 2.62% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

61 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

679 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

30.4% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The prevalence of FGM among women aged 15-49 in the majority of administrative regions in Guinea is over 99%, the highest being Labé, in which it is 100%.  Conakry and N’Zérékoré, which are located in the south-east and south-west respectively, have slightly lower prevalences:  in Conakry, which is the capital city, it is  96.5% and in N’Zérékoré, which contains the second-largest city in the country, it is 87.1%. Nevertheless, there is almost no difference between the prevalence of FGM among women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas (97%) and those who live in urban (96.8%) areas.

FGM is practised by people from all major religious and ethnic groups in Guinea.  The ethnic groups with the highest prevalence of FGM among women aged 15-49 are the Soussou, Peulh and Toma; the prevalence for all of these groups is 99.5%.  The ethnic group with the lowest prevalence of FGM is the Guerzé, at 65.7%.  Muslim women aged 15-49 are more likely to be cut (99.2%) than Christian women (78.4%) or women who practice animism and other faiths, or women of no religious affiliation (89.5%).

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

Between 2005 and 2012, the overall prevalence for women aged 15-49 rose from 95.6% to 96.9%, but this rise is not statistically significant.  Due to the large age-range of women included, however, the overall prevalence alone may not fully reflect any trends that are occuring.  Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 99.6%, while for the youngest age group it is 94%.  Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data actually suggests a trend towards lower prevalences among younger women, although adidtional data would be required to confirm this.

FGM Legislation in Guinea


The Guinean Government passed legislation in 1965 that specifically prohibits FGM (Decree No. D/96/205/PRG/SGG of 5 December 1996 promulgating the Code of Medical Deontology [Article 40]).  The law was strengthened in 2000, and again in 2016 by a decree relating to the Criminal Code that made FGM punishable whether performed by traditional or modern methods (which would include performance by medical professionals).

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Guinea