Sudan


FGM PREVALENCE: 86.6%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 86.6%.

53.8% of women aged 15-49 who have heard of FGM believe it should be discontinued.

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Geography

The states with the highest prevalence are in the north-west; North Kordofan is the highest at 97.7%

Age

The majority of women were cut between the ages of 5 & 9

Type

Type III (sewn closed) is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

More than ¾ of FGM cases are carried out by nurses, midwives or other medical personnel

Development Indicators


Population

41,945,377 (as at 26 June 2017), with a 1.69% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

48 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

311 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

75.9% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The states in Sudan with the highest FGM prevalence are in the north-west:  North Kordofan (97.7% of women aged 15-49), North Darfur (97.6%) and Northern (97.5%).  The state with the lowest prevalence is Central Darfur, in the south-west, at 45.4%.  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are slightly more likely to undergo FGM (87.2%) than those who live in urban areas (85.5%).  

FGM is least prevalent among women aged 14-59 with ‘no education’, at 76.8%.

52.8% of women aged 15-49 who have heard of FGM believe it should be discontinued.

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 91.8%, while for the youngest age group this has fallen to 81.7%.  Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data suggests a trend towards lower prevalences among younger women.

FGM Legislation in Sudan


In Sudan, only the most severe form of FGM is prohibited by law. Four states have specifically addressed FGM:

  • South Kordofan: FGM Prohibition Act 2008, enforced

  • South Darfur: Child Law 2013 – Article 11 prohibits all forms of FGM

  • Gadaref:  Child Law 2009 – Article 13 prohibits all traditional harmful practices, including FGM

  • Red Sea: Child Law 2011 – Article 10 endorses a decree made by the State Minister of Health prohibiting FGM

However, the enforcement of these laws has been questioned, and it has been reported that an agreement exists with religious and traditional leaders in each of these states to allow Sunna cuts (Type I FGM), but not Type III.

Additionally, Article 2 of The Child Act 2010 states that children should be protected ‘from any kind of violence or harm or physical/sociological abuse’.

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Sudan