Cameroon


FGM PREVALENCE: 1.4%

Key Findings


In 2004, the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 was 1.4%.

84.1% of women and 84.6% of men who have heard of FGM believe it should be discontinued.

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Geography

The highest prevalence is found in the far north, at 5.4%

Age

Data suggests FGM is most likely to be performed between the ages of five and nine

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

89% of girls/women are cut by traditional midwives/birth attendants

Development Indicators


Population

24,436,311 (as at 11 May 2017), with a 2.58% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

57 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

596 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

75% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The region and the ethnic group with the highest prevalence are Extrême-Nord, at 5.4%, and the Arabe-Choa/Peulh/Maoussa/Kanuri, at 12.7%, although the low numbers of women in the survey who have undergone FGM make figures further broken down by region and ethnic group somewhat unreliable.  FGM is more prevalent among women who practice Islam (5.8%) than among women of other religions, and among women who live in rural areas (2.1%) than among those who live in urban areas (0.9%).  The prevalence in the capital city of Yaoundé is also 0.9%.

70.4% of men and more than half of women who have heard of FGM see no benefit in it.  The higher the level of education a person has received, the more likely they are to hold the opinion that FGM has no benefits.  84.1% of women and 84.6% of men who have heard of FGM believe it should be discontinued, but 8.1% of women and 3.9% of men think it is required by their religion.

To date, there is not enough data available on FGM in Cameroon to determine any reliable trends.

FGM Legislation in Cameroon


The Government of Cameroon to date has not passed legislation that specifically prohibits the practice of FGM.  However, in July 2016 the Penal Code of Cameroon was amended to include a reference to genital mutilation.  Section 277 of the Penal Code states, ‘Whoever permanently deprives another of the use of the whole or any part of any member, organ or sense shall be punished with imprisonment from 10 (ten) to 20 (twenty) years.’

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Cameroon