Djibouti


FGM PREVALENCE: 93.1%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 93.1%.

51% of women aged 15-49 believe that FGM should stop.

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Geography

FGM prevalence in the Djibouti region is 92.9%; in all other regions, it is 94.9%

Age

FGM is most likely to take place between the ages of 5 and 9

Type

Type III (sewn closed) is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

More than three-quarters of FGM is performed by traditional practitioners; about 20% by medical personnel

Development Indicators


Population

910,839 (as at 12 June 2017), with a 2.18% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

54 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

229 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

It is not known what percentage of the population aged 15 and over are literate

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The prevalence of FGM among women aged 15-49 in the capital region of Djibouti is 92.9%.  The prevalence in the rest of the country is 94.9%.  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are more like to undergo FGM (95.5%) than those who live in urban areas (93.1%).

The prevalence of women aged 15-49 who have at least one daughter who has undergone FGM is 48.5%.

In 2006, the prevalence of FGM for women aged 15-49 was measured to be 93.1%.  In 2002 it was measured to be 98.1%.  However, due to the different methods used in each survey, this may not represent a real drop in prevelance.

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 94.4%, while for the youngest age group is 89.5%.  This suggests that prevalance is lower among younger women, although more data would be required to confirm this.

FGM Legislation in Djibouti


The Djibouti Government passed legislation in 1995 that specifically prohibits FGM (Article 333 of the Criminal Code).  In 2009, Article 333 of the 1995 Act was amended to also criminalise the failure to report the perpetration or planning of FGM to the authorities.

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Djibouti