Tanzania


FGM PREVALENCE: 10%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 10%.

Of the regions that practise FGM, those that are predominantly Christian have the highest prevalence of FGM.

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Geography

The regions with the highest prevalence are in the centre and north of the country

Age

Women generally undergo FGM as infants or past the age of 13

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

Almost all FGM is carried out by traditional practitioners

Development Indicators


Population

56,740,029 (as at 7 June 2017), with a 2.77% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

98 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

398 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

70.6% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write Kiswahili (Swahili), English or Arabic

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The prevalence of FGM varies greatly across the different regions of Tanzania.  The regions with the highest prevalence are in a band extending from the centre of the country northward:  Manyara (57.7% of women aged 15-49), Dodoma (46.7%), Arusha (41%), Mara (32.%) and Singida (30.9%).  The prevalence in all other regions is below 15%.  Women who live in rural areas are more likely to be cut (12.7% of women aged 15-49) than women who live in urban areas (5.3%).

There is little data available on relative prevalence according to women’s religion; however, 95.1% of women aged 15-49 who have heard of FGM state that they do not believe it is required by their religion.

95% of women aged 15-49 state that they believe FGM should be stopped.

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

Between 2010 and 2016, the overall prevalence for women aged 15-49 fell from 14.6% to 10%.  Due to the large age-range of women included, however, the overall prevalence alone may not fully reflect the progress that has been made in recent years.  Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 18.7%, while for the youngest age group this has fallen to 4.7%.  Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data demonstrates a clear trend towards lower prevalences among younger women.

FGM Legislation in Tanzania


In 1998, the Tanzanian Government passed Sexual Offences Special Provisions Act (SOSPA) in 1998, which amended the Penal Code to prohibit FGM of girls under the age of 18. Anyone who has custody, charge or care of a girl under the age of 18 who causes her to undergo FGM commits the offence of child cruelty.

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Tanzania