In 2006, prevalence in the South/Central Zone was 99.2% and in 2011 in the North-East Zone (Puntland) it was 98% (women aged 15–49)
Most girls are cut between the ages of 10 and 14
Most women have undergone Type III FGM (infibulation/'sewn closed'), which is also known as Pharaonic FGM
Predominantly traditional practitioners, but medicalised FGM is on the rise
11–12 million (2019), with a 2.08% growth rate (2018 est.)
85 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)
732 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)
38.3% in the South/Central Zone; 42.9% in the North-East Zone (Puntland)
In 2006, prevalence in the South/Central Zone was 99.2% and in 2011 in the North-East Zone (Puntland) it was 98% (women aged 15–49). Women who live in rural areas are only slightly more likely to undergo FGM than those who live in urban areas.
Across the entire region of Somalia and Somaliland, 64.5% of women believe that FGM should continue and 32.8% believe that it should not (2006).
While support for Type III (Pharaonic) FGM has declined in recent years, other types of FGM referred to as 'sunna' remain popular.
FGM prevalence among women aged 15–49 has remained consistent for some time.
Breaking down the 2011 data for the North-East Zone by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45–49 is 97.8%, while for the youngest age group it is 95.8%, but some girls over the age of 15 may yet be cut, and ideally more data would be required to confirm this trend.
FGM Legislation in Somalia
See Somalia: The Law and FGM for more detail.