Somalia


FGM PREVALENCE: 97.9%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 97.9%.

64.5% of women aged 15-49 believe that FGM should continue.

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Geography

The zone with the highest prevalence is Central South, at 99.2%; however, the other two zones are also over 90%

Age

Most girls are cut between the ages of 5 and 9

Type

Nearly 80% of women undergo Type III (“sewn closed”)

Agent

Unknown, but most likely predominantly traditional practitioners

Development Indicators


Population

11,284,253 (as at 26 June 2017), with a 1.92% growth rate (2016 est.)  

Infant Mortality Rate

85 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Ratio

732 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

unknown

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The zone with the highest FGM prevalence among women aged 15-49 is Central South, at 99.2%.  The other zones are North West (94.4%) and North East (98.1%).  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are only slightly more likely (98.4%) to undergo FGM than those who live in urban areas (97.1%), and the lowest prevalence of FGM is among women in the highest wealth quintile.  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are more likely to believe that the practice of FGM should continue (71.8%) than those who live in urban areas (53.8%).  Overall, 64.5% of women aged 15-49 believe that FGM should continue.

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

The MICS survey in 2011 only gathered data from the north-east (Somaliland).  That survey showed that the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 98%.  A comparison with the 2006 figure for the North East region, which is 98.1%, suggests that there has been very little change in overall prevalence.

Breaking down the 2006 data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 99.1%, while for the youngest age group it is 96.7%.  Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data suggests there may be a slight trend towards lower prevalences among younger women, although more data would be required to confirm.

FGM Legislation in Somalia


To date no legislation has been passed in Somalia that prohibits the practice of FGM.

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Somalia