The zone with the highest prevalence is Central South, at 99.2%; however, the other two zones are also over 90%
Most girls are cut between the ages of 5 and 9
Nearly 80% of women undergo Type III (“sewn closed”)
Unknown, but most likely predominantly traditional practitioners
11,284,253 (as at 26 June 2017), with a 1.92% growth rate (2016 est.)
85 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)
732 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)
The zone with the highest FGM prevalence among women aged 15-49 is Central South, at 99.2%. The other zones are North West (94.4%) and North East (98.1%). Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are only slightly more likely (98.4%) to undergo FGM than those who live in urban areas (97.1%), and the lowest prevalence of FGM is among women in the highest wealth quintile. Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are more likely to believe that the practice of FGM should continue (71.8%) than those who live in urban areas (53.8%). Overall, 64.5% of women aged 15-49 believe that FGM should continue.
The MICS survey in 2011 only gathered data from the north-east (Somaliland). That survey showed that the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 98%. A comparison with the 2006 figure for the North East region, which is 98.1%, suggests that there has been very little change in overall prevalence.
Breaking down the 2006 data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 99.1%, while for the youngest age group it is 96.7%. Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data suggests there may be a slight trend towards lower prevalences among younger women, although more data would be required to confirm.