The Gambia


FGM PREVALENCE: 74.9%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 74.9%.

65% of women who have heard of FGM think the practice should continue.

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Geography

Basse, the most rural region of the country, has the highest prevalence (96.7% of women aged 15-49); Banjul, the most urbanised area, has the lowest prevalence (47.4%)

Age

54.8% of women aged 15-49 were cut before the age of 5; 28.1% between the ages of 5 and 9

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

95.7% of FGM is carried out by ‘traditional circumcisers’

Development Indicators


Population

2,114,435 (as at 30 May 2017), with a 2.11% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

48 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

706 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

55.5% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

FGM is practised across all eight Local Government Areas (‘LGAs’) in The Gambia, and by both Christians (20.9% of women aged 15-49) and Muslims (77.3%).  The LGA with the highest prevalence is Basse, the eastern-most and most rural region, at 96.7% of women aged 15-49.  The LGA with the lowest prevalence is Banjul, a coastal area and the most urbanised, at 47.4%.  The Basse region is predominantly inhabited by the Sarahule, Mandinka and Fula ethnic groups, whereas the coastal areas of Banjul and Kanifing are predominantly inhabited by the Wolof (among whom the prevalence of FGM has historically been the lowest among The Gambia’s different ethnic groups) and the Mandinka.  Overall, the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 living in urban areas is 71.6%, and for those living in rural areas is 79.1%.

According to the 2013 DHS survey, the overall prevalence for women aged 15-49 is 74.9%.  Although the results from the DHS and MICS surveys may not be directly comparable, the 2010 MICS survey found that prevalence for the same age-range was 76.3%, suggesting that there may have been been a small decrease in prevalence.

Of women aged 15-49 who have heard of FGM, 65% feel that the practice should continue, although among women who have not undergone FGM, that figure drops to 5.4%.

FGM Legislation in Gambia


In December 2015, the Gambian Government passed legislation that specifically prohibits the practice of FGM (Section 32A of The Women’s (Amendment) Act; Section 32B criminalises requesting FGM and knowing that it has taken place but failing to report it).

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for The Gambia