Central African Republic


FGM PREVALENCE: 24.2%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 24.2%.

75.2% of women (aged 15-49) and 55.5% of men (aged 15-59) think FGM should be abandoned.

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Geography

The prefectures with the highest prevalence are in the centre

Age

In 2006, more than half of girls aged 0-14 who had undergone FGM were cut between the ages of 10 and 14

Type

‘Flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

Approximately 89% of girls aged 0-14 who have undergone FGM were cut by a traditional practitioner

Development Indicators


Population

5,084,422 (as at 8 June 2017), with a 2.12% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

92 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

882 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

36.8% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

FGM is practised across all prefectures and ethnic groups in the CAR.  The prefectures with the highest prevalence are in the centre of the country:  Bamingui-Bangoran (76.6%), Ouaka (72.9%) and Haute-Kotto (67.1%). The prefectures with the lowest prevalence are all 3-4%.  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are more likely to undergo FGM (28.7%) than those who live in urban areas (18.1%).

Prevalence of FGM is inversely correlated with level of wealth.

The highest prevalence of FGM is found in households where the head is of Banda ethnicity (53.4% of women aged 15-49); the lowest is found in households where the head is of Mboum ethnicity (2.6%).

Trends in FGM Prevalence


Trends in FGM Prevalence

Between 2006 and 2010, the overall prevalence for women aged 15-49 fell from 25.7% to 24.2%.  Due to the large age-range of women included, however, the overall prevalence alone may not fully reflect the progress that has been made in recent years.  Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 33.8%, while for the youngest age group this has fallen to 17.9%. Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data demonstrates a clear trend towards lower prevalences among younger women.

FGM Legislation in CAR


The Central African Government passed legislation in 1966 that specifically prohibits FGM (Order No. 66/16 of 22 February 1966), but to date no convictions have been made.  In 2006, Law No. 06032 on the protection of women against violence was introduced, which contains provisions on FGM.

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Central African Republic