The prefectures with the highest prevalence are in the centre
In 2006, more than half of girls aged 0-14 who had undergone FGM were cut between the ages of 10 and 14
‘Flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised
Approximately 89% of girls aged 0-14 who have undergone FGM were cut by a traditional practitioner
5,084,422 (as at 8 June 2017), with a 2.12% growth rate (2016 est.)
92 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)
882 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)
36.8% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write
FGM is practised across all prefectures and ethnic groups in the CAR. The prefectures with the highest prevalence are in the centre of the country: Bamingui-Bangoran (76.6%), Ouaka (72.9%) and Haute-Kotto (67.1%). The prefectures with the lowest prevalence are all 3-4%. Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are more likely to undergo FGM (28.7%) than those who live in urban areas (18.1%).
Prevalence of FGM is inversely correlated with level of wealth.
The highest prevalence of FGM is found in households where the head is of Banda ethnicity (53.4% of women aged 15-49); the lowest is found in households where the head is of Mboum ethnicity (2.6%).
Between 2006 and 2010, the overall prevalence for women aged 15-49 fell from 25.7% to 24.2%. Due to the large age-range of women included, however, the overall prevalence alone may not fully reflect the progress that has been made in recent years. Breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence for women aged 45-49 is 33.8%, while for the youngest age group this has fallen to 17.9%. Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data demonstrates a clear trend towards lower prevalences among younger women.
Law No. 06.032 on the Protection of Women Against Violence in Central African Republic, dated 27 December 2006, contains provisions on FGM. Law No. 10.001, the Penal Code of the Central African Republic, dated 6 January 2010, also criminalises FGM. There is a lack of evidence, however, of any FGM cases being prosecuted under these laws.
See Central African Republic: The Law and FGM for more detail.