Niger


FGM PREVALENCE: 2.0%

Key Findings


The prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 2%.

82.4% of women and 85.7% of men (aged 15-49) believe FGM should be stopped.

Please note that, due to the low prevalence of FGM in Niger, very few surveyed women have been cut. For this reason, detailed breakdowns by region, age, education, etc. should be treated with caution.

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Geography

Tillaberi, in the south-west, has the highest prevalence

Age

75.7% of women aged 15-49 who have undergone FGM were cut before the age of 5

Type

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised

Agent

84.4% of FGM is carried out by traditional cutters

Development Indicators


Population

21,430,597 (as at 8 June 2017), with a 3.22% growth rate (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

57 deaths per 1,000 live births (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

553 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)

Literacy

19.1% of the total population aged 15 and over can read/write

Prevalence of FGM


Prevalence of FGM

The region in Niger with the highest prevalence is Tillaberi (9.2% of women aged 15-49).  Tillaberi is situated in the south-west of the country.  All other regions have a prevalence lower than 2%.  Women aged 15-49 who live in rural areas are more likely to undergo FGM (2.1%) than those who live in urban areas (1.2%).  Prevalence in the capital city of Niamey is 1.8%.

85.1% of women and 85.7% of men aged 15-49 do not believe that FGM is a requirement of their religion.

Between 2006 and 2012, survey data suggests that the overall prevalence for women aged 15-49 fell from 2.2% to 2%, however this drop is not statistically significant.  One should therefore assume that the prevalence remained constant at around 2%.  In 2006, 88.9% of women and 86.2% of men aged 15-49 who have heard of FGM stated that they believed FGM should be stopped; in 2012, those figures were 82.4% and 90.6% respectively.

FGM Legislation in Niger


The Nigerien Government passed legislation in June 2003 that specifically prohibits FGM (Penal Code – Law No. 2003-025 dated June 13, 2003 modifying the law No. 61-27 of July 15, 1961).

RESEARCH & RESOURCES


Research and resources for Niger