Law and FGM


FGM is illegal in most countries

Key Findings


Laws alone will not eradicate FGM, but they have a critical role to play in supporting the campaign to end FGM internationally.  

International Law

There are many International Laws and Treaties that are relevant to the practice of FGM.

National Laws

At least 23 African countries now have laws in place that expressly prohibit FGM.

Community Laws

Some communities believe FGM is justified under local customary and religious laws.

Law Enforcement

Evidence suggests that the success of law enforcement and prosecutions vary widely across Africa and the world.

New Research Releasing


Together with the Thomson Reuters Foundation and TrustLaw, 28 Too Many has worked with lawyers around the world to produce a series of reports covering 28 African countries, identifying the laws that address FGM, what is working and where are the gaps and suggestions for future action.  These reports will be launched over the next few months, with a final report bringing together all our research on FGM and the Law due in September. All reports will be available to download from our website as they are launched.

Research and Resources