FGM is prevalent among some diaspora communities in Canada and the USA. Anti-FGM legislation has been passed in both Canada (1997) and the USA (1996). A 2012 report estimated that 513,000 girls and women in the USA were at risk of FGM or its consequences. The number of women and girls at risk of FGM varies widely across the States. (Source: Population Reference Bureau, 2013.)
"Since 1990, the estimated number of girls and women in the US who have undergone or are at risk of the practice has more than tripled. The increase is due to rapid growth in the number of immigrants from countries where risk of FGM is greatest. These girls and women are concentrated in California, New York and Minnesota. . . . Though at-risk girls and women are thought to live in every state but Hawaii, just 25 states have enacted laws against female genital mutilation." (CNN)
In South America, FGM is known to be practised by Colombia’s Embera indigenous tribe. However, in 2012 an agreement was signed by the Embera tribe to end FGM, with the aim of total eradication of it by 2030. FGM is also believed to be prevalent in some communities in Ecuador, Panama and Peru. In 2009 indigenous authorities adopted an anti-FGM resolution in Colombia (Resolution No. 001 of 2009).